On This Day:
Saturday November 11, 2006
This is the 315th day of the year, with 50 days remaining in 2006.
Fact of the Day: RomeRome was the first city in the world to reach a population of more thanone million people in 133 BC. The city of Rome is built on, or around,a series of seven hills. As legend has it, the twins Romulus and Remusbegan building a city at the foot of the Palatine hill where theshe-wolf found them. Interestingly, the city of Jerusalem is also builton seven hills, and there is some scholastic disagreement about whetherthe reference in Revelation 17 is to one or the other.
HolidaysFeast day of St. Martin of Tours (Martinmas), St. Bartholomew ofGrottaferata, St. Mannas of Egypt, and St. Theodore the Studite.
Angola: Independence Day.
Australia, Canada, Bermuda, United Kingdom: Remembrance Day.
Belgium, France: Armistice Day.
United States: Veterans' Day, formerly Armistice Day.
Poland: Independence Day.
Sweden: Saint Martin's Day.
Switzerland: Martinmas Goose/Martinigians
Events1620 - The Pilgrims on the Mayflower anchored in Provincetown Harbor of Massachusetts and drafted and signed the Mayflower Compact.The text of the Compact called for the establishment of a "Civil BodyPolitick" to enact "just and equal laws" for the governance of thefirst English colony in New England.
1889 - Washington became the 42nd state.
1918 - World War I (then called the Great War) came to an end with the signing of an Armistice between the Allies and Germany.In all, there were nine million soldiers dead, 21 million wounded, andseven million taken prisoner or missing in action. In addition, somesix million civilians died from disease, starvation, or exposure.
1921 - President Warren Harding dedicated the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (Tomb of the Unknowns) at Arlington National Cemetery.
1921 - The British Legion held its first Poppy Day for wounded World War I veterans.
1939 - Kate Smith first sang Irving Berlin's "God Bless America" on the radio.
1940 - The Willys-Overland Company came out with a four-wheel drive vehicle for the U.S. Army, named "jeep" after GP, or "(general purpose."
1952 - The first video recorder was demonstrated in California, by its inventors John Mullin and Wayne Johnson.
1965 - Rhodesia declared its independence from Britain.
1966 - Gemini 12 launched from Cape Kennedy, Florida, with astronauts James A. Lovell and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin aboard.
1975 - Angola gained independence from Portugal.
1987 - An unidentified person bought Vincent Van Gogh's painting "Irises" from the estate of Joan Whitney Payson for $53.9 million at Sotheby's in New York.
1992 - The Church of England voted to ordain women as priests.
1993 - A bronze sculpture was dedicated in Washington, D.C. to the 11,500 U.S. women who served in the Vietnam War.
2000 - A cable car full of skiers and snowboarders caught fire in an Alpine tunnel in Austria, killing 155 people.
Births1729 - Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French navigator.
1744 - Abigail Smith Adams, First Lady of 2nd President of the United States of America, John Adams.
1821 - Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Russian political revolutionary, author.
1885 - George Patton, World War I and World War II American Army General.
1922 - Kurt Vonnegut, American novelist.
1925 - Jonathan Winters, American comic actor.
1928 - Carlos Fuentes, Mexican writer.
1947 - Rodney Marsh, Australian cricketer, nicknamed Iron Gloves.
1974 - Leonardo DiCaprio, American actor.
Deaths1831 - Nat Turner, black American leader of bloody slave revolt, hanged.
1880 - Ned Kelly, famous Australian outlaw.
1976 - Alexander Calder, also known as Sandy Calder, an American sculptor and artist.
2004 - Yasser Arafat, Palestinian president.